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Full Constituency Details

Nkwanta North

Region: Volta Region
Member of Paliament: Bless, K.Oti John


The constituency has quite a number of potential tourist attractions. Development of this sector in the constituency is still at its pristine stage. The most outstanding tourist attractions are River Oti, one of Ghana’s largest and famous water bodies, Yam Festival, and the Small Town Water Supply System Treatment Plant at Damanko. Another potential attraction is the’Border Post at Tinjase that serves as a point of entry to the Republic of Togo. 
Great prospects of boat-cruising and site seeing exist on the Oti at Damanko which is just 16km from the constituency Capital. Unfortunately, there are no hotels, guest/rest houses nor restaurants in the area to support these promising tourist attractions. The nearest hospitality facilities are in Nkwanta (Nkwanta constituency Capital) - 35km away from Kpassa. 
The physical and natural environment is an essential element or factor for determining socio-economic development of the constituency. This stems from the fact that apart from it being a potential resource, it also serves as an ingredient within which all development activities take place. The factors that need critical analysis in the constituency under this segment include location and size, climate, vegetation, relief and drainage, soil, and geology and minerals.   
The constituency shares boundaries with the Nanumba South District to the North, Republic of Togo to the East, Kpandai District to the West, and Nkwanta District to the South. The constituency Capital, Kpassa is located 270km to the South of Ho (the Regional Capital). The constituency has a surface area of approximately 1,1510km2 thus making it one of the smallest constituencies in the Volta Region of Ghana.
The Nkwanta North constituency is remotely located in terms of proximity to large commercial centres such as Hohoe and Yendi. This makes prices of farm produce low but prices of manufactured goods remain high in the constituency. As a result, the constituency experience low household incomes especially among fanners who dominate the constituency’s population.
Free flow of information from the regional and national level is hampered by the long distances between the constituency capital and its regional and national capitals. 
Besides, the constituency’s closeness to the Republic of Togo serves as a potential ground for greater international trade and positive socio-cultural exchanges between Ghana and Togo. 
The Nkwanta North constituency forms part of the tropical climatic zone, which is characterised by double maxima of rainfall (i.e. between April and July; August and September). The area experiences two main seasons namely wet and dry seasons. The dry season is experienced between November and March.
Mean annual rainfall figures range from 922mm to 1,874mm. The mean annual temperature of the constituency is between 52°F (11°C) and 103°F (39°C). The area records high relative humidity figures ranging from about 80% during the wet season to 70% during the dry season.
The climate of the constituency is suitable for the growing of various crops. However, the influence of the long dry spell (harmattan) has damaging effects on the environment and farm outputs. The relatively heavy rains associated with this type of climate adversely affect all roads in the constituency, thus rendering them not motorable during the rainy season.
The constituency lies in the Transitional Vegetation Zone and covered by Sanannah Woodland and Grassland. Occasional pockets and remnants of semi-deciduous forest also exist. The forest vegetation is made up of many different tree species including wawa (Triplochiton selerexylon), mahogany (Khaya invorensis), esa (Celtis), ofram (Terminalia superba), edinam (Entandro phragma ivorensio), onyina (Ceiba petandra), kyenkyen (Antiaris Africana) and odum (Milicia exelsa).
The constituency forms part of the country’s dissected plateau. The greater proportion of this plateau is between 100m and 200m above sea level. There are few valleys that do not exceed 150m above sea level.
The constituency is endowed with a number of rivers and streams, the most important of which is the Oti and Kpassa Rivers. The streams and rivers exhibit a dendritic pattern, which forms the Oti basin. The relief and drainage systems favour the development of fish farming, cultivation of valley bottom rice, sugarcane and dry season vegetables. Of these potentials, fish farming is practised on commercial basis at Damanko, Danladi and Kabonwule. Due to the relatively low level of relief in the district, road construction would be less expensive.
The geology of the Nkwanta North constituency is a combination of Granitoid Undifferentiated and Phyllite, Schist, Tuff and Greywacke, which contains the mineral bearing rocks. There are also granite rocks and deposit of minerals such as phosphate, has been discovered in some parts of the constituency but not mined.
The presence of mineral deposits in the constituency has the potential to generate royalties as revenue to the constituency as well as create employment for the inhabitants. It also implies that there is going to be influx of people to the constituency if the mining operation takes off.
The soil in the constituency is mainly of the ferric acrisols and dystric fluvisols type. The ferric acrisols type of soil covers about 70% of the entire soil in the constituency, which supports the cultivation of a wide variety of crops including root crops, cereals, legumes, and ojl palm. It also makes the constituency to have a comparative advantage in agriculture and agro-processing.

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