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Full Constituency Details


Region: Northern Region
Member of Paliament: Maban, Laliri George

 Physical Characteristics

The wulensi constituency lies in the Tropical continental climatic zone with the mid-day sun always overhead. As a result day temperatures are fairly high ranging between 29oC and 41oC and occasionally reading 45oC.  Like any other part of the West African sub-region, the constituency is under the influence of the wet southwest monsoon and dry northeast trade winds. 
The constituency experiences single maximum rainfall regime through the year: most of it falls within six months (May – October) leaving the other half of the year dry i.e. when the region comes under the dry North East Trade winds.During this period evaporation and transpiration are very high, grass dry out, bush fires become rampant creating acute water shortage. Maximum rainfall records in September with its accompanied windstorms. During this period streams and rivers over flow their banks and a lot of surface run-off.
The result of this type of rainfall pattern is that there is a single cropping season, as most of farmers in the constituency run rain-fed agriculture. Unfortunately, the constituency does not have its own precipitation record system. 
Vegetation and Drainage
The vegetation type found in the constituency is the Guinea-Savannah with tall grass (particularly elephant grass) interspersed with draught and fire resistant trees. Some of the tree species are the shea, dawadawa, a few baobab, etc.  Streams and rivers as well as man-made dams and dugouts drain the constituency. The two main rivers include the Daka, which spans 145km of the western border of the constituency with East Gonja and the Oti River, which meanders north south across the eastern part of the constituency with a total of 85 km within the constituency with their tributaries occasionally breaking into series of pools during the long dry season.
Soils are characteristically heavy and dark coloured. By Soil Research Institute and Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (SRI/CSIR) classifications, types of soils found in the constituency are the savannah ochrosols, savannah glysols and ground water laterite.  The savannah glycols are of alluvial-colluvial origins found along major rivers and drainage courses and are located mid-south through to the north. They are medium size textured moderately well drained soils suitable for wide range of crops such as cereals, roots and tubers and legumes generally.
The Savannah ochrosols are well-drained soils with the surface being loamy sand or sand textured material with good water retention. These soils are found to the east (beyond the Oti River) and the southwest of the constituency.  Ground water laterites are shallow sandy or loamy soils composed of rock fragment found on summit of upland areas; they are suitable for forestry and conservation programmes. 
Impact of human activities
Wulensi constituency is located in the transitional zone and as such the vegetation is woodier. The annual bush fires and human activities are together reducing the once luxuriant guinea savannah vegetation type with fertile soils to treeless grassland on very fragile soils. Two reserves covering a total area of 600 sq kilometres and a virgin forest area along the Ghana - Togo border are also gradually constantly being reduced.
Traditional Set Up
There are five paramount chiefs: Wulensi, Jauli, Nakpayili, Kukuo, and Chichagi. As positive cultural practices, we have traditional festivals, such as Fire Festival and Damba Festival. These festivals bring all major ethnic groups together and therefore contributing to strengthen peaceful atmosphere in the constituency.
Ethnic Diversity
Although the constituency has a variety of ethnic groups, the dominant ones are the Nanumbas, Konkombas and Basares. There is Bator settlers from the Volta Region found along the Oti River who engage in mainly fishing. Among the dominant ethnic groups, namely Nanumba and Konkomba, the former is fairly larger in number compared with the latter.

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