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Full Constituency Details


Region: Western Region
Member of Paliament: Buah, Kofi Armah Emmanuel


 The current population of the constituency (according to the 2000 population censuses) is  114,839 constituting…7.40…. % of the Western Regional population with a growth rate of 2.7% (see table below for details).

Note: The 2000 regional growth rate was used to project to 2009


The population of 114,839 for the constituency may indicate no great pressure of population on the land.  However the same cannot be said of the pressure on resources. Settlements or Growth points like Esiama and Aiyinasi have been experiencing relatively higher population densities with corresponding pressure being exerted on the existing limited infrastructural facilities.


The figures clearly indicate that some bigger towns like Aiyinase, Asasetre and Esiama experience higher relative growth of the constituency population from 1970 to 2000 and beyond.  This may be due mainly to high birth rate and in-migration, but also the relatively better economic and social infrastructural facilities available there.  It is, therefore, necessary to ensure that opportunities for improving the lives of the people in the constituency are more evenly distributed.

The constituency population structure does not differ much from the general demographic trends.  It indicates a broad base that gradually tapers off with increasing age.  From the census, the constituency population is relatively youthful with 51 % as the economically active force that is slightly below that of the Regional and National ones.  This implies more job creation for about 73,220  people as well as an increase in Health, Education and Recreational facilities, among others for the dependent cohorts (0 – 14 and 65+) which constitute 61,549(43%) respectively.  It also has implications for future population growth.  The constituency growth trend reflects that of the Regional with a higher male population of 71,673 as against 71,198 for the Females giving a sex ratio of 1:0.7.  This could be explained by the high level of male – migration into the constituency due to the economic activities like fishing, farming and lately small – scale mining.


The constituency is highly rural, if the criterion that any settlement with population of 5,000 or more represents an urban one is used.  The population is concentrated in mostly the Rural Centers (104,920) within the constituency.  About 26.6% of the 2,000 population (37,951)) resides in Urban Centers as compared to the Regional and National ones of 36.3% and 43.9% respectively.   However, there has been a gradual increase in the Urban Population from 1.4% in 1960, 15% in 1970, and 15% in 1984 to 26.6% in 2000.   The table below illustrates this trend since 1960.

The marked increase in the side of Urban Population within the constituency was due largely to unequal distribution of socio-economic resources.  Lopsided development planning activities leading to over-concentration of social amenities in few Urban Centers must therefore be consciously addressed. It is imperative, therefore to lay emphasis on rural strategy of development and at the same time providing the needed infrastructural facilities to enable the few Urban Settlements perform the roles as Service Centers.


The constitueny experiences a considerable degree of movement of people (migrants) into and out of it.  This could be largely attributed to seasonal fishing activities as well as the migrant farm labourers and the influx of people to secure jobs in mining companies or small-scale miners and refugees into the District.  These exert much pressure on the limited social services especially, water, sanitation and housing.


In terms of Religion, Christians constitute about 79 % of the population with Moslems having 8%, Traditionalists3.0 % and others 10%.  The predominant Ethnic grouping is Akan 89%, Ga Adangbe 3%, Ewe 4% and Mole-Dagbani 4%.  The constituency is dominated by two main local groups within the following corresponding dominant Areas.

 The District has one Paramountcy, The Eastern Nzema Traditional Council, situated at Atuabo

All the Traditional Councils, in the three (3) constituency of Nzema East, Ellembelle, Jomoro, constitute the Nzema Manle Council (constituency House of Chiefs).


One significant feature in the constituency is the traditional festival of Kundum which is celebrated in all the communities of the constituency between August and October each year.

The major language spoken all over the contituency is Nzema with other dialects like Evalue and Gwira, Fanti and Twi also widely spoken

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