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Full Constituency Details
 
 

Juaboso

Region: Western Region
Member of Paliament: Akandoh, Kwabena Mintah

CULTURAL HERITAGE AND CUSTOMS
 
The Sefwis are classified under the ethnic group of Akans in Ghana. The sefwis who are the indigenes form 52.4% of the districts population whilst settlers form about 52.4% of the constituency population (2006). The settlers who play an important role in the constituency economy were attracted to the constituency due to its favourable climatic, vegetation and economic conditions.
 
Although the constituency harbours different shades of religion, there is religious tolerance and peaceful co-existence among the various religious groups of the constituency. Consequently, the development of the constituency is not hampered by religious diversity and differences.
 
Traditional Administration
Traditional administrative work in the constituency comes under the Sefwi Wiawso Traditional Council. Queen mothers, chiefs, and elders who fall under the main traditional council are visible in almost all the traditional communities.
 
The constituency has about two (2) of the seven (7) divisional chiefs under the Sefwi Wiawso Paramouncy. They are the chief of Boinzan (Krontihene) and Bodi (Adontenhene). Other non divisional chiefs include the chiefs of Amoaya, Mafia, Kogyina, Agyemandiem, Seyerano and Benchema.
 
The role of the chiefs and their elders are pivotal since the success or failure of the developmental efforts of the constituency may depend to a reasonable extent on their support.
 
Major Economic Activities
The main economic activity in the constituency is agriculture.  Over 90% of the work force is engaged in this activity.  The major crops grown in the constituency are cash crops cocoa, oil palm and coffee and food crops such as plantain, cocoyam cassava, maize and rice.  Fruits such as oranges, pear, coconut, pineapple and vegetable are also cultivated.  
 
Because of the hilly nature of the topology coupled with the thick forest, it does not favour mechanized farming.  Thus the farming method used is the traditional one of slash and burn and the rotational bush fallow.  However with cocoa the new method of farming is the hitch.
 
Fish Farming
Apart from the tree crops farming, fish farming is engaged by less than one percent of the working population.  Some of the farmers construct fish ponds others also make use of stagnant streams for the purpose. There are a number of wet lands in the constituency that facilitate fishing activities.
 
Livestock
There are few farmers who rear animal mainly for economic purposes to supplement income from cocoa or other cash crops.Animals reared for commercial purposes are cattle, sheep, goats, pigs and poultry.  
 
TOURISM ATTRACTIONS
 
The JuabOso constituency abounds in wonderful tourism attractions. The constituency constitutes one of the last bastions of Ghanas rich tropical forests and harbours four forest reserves. It’s all year-round green vegetation offers very pleasant scenery. The famous Bia National Park at Kumkumso, some 60km away from Juabeso, the constituency capital, is a virgin forest and resource reserve.
 
The Park contains forest elephants, chimpanzees, the Bozo antelope, over 100 species of birds and a rich variety of butterflies. The multiple plant and animal species that are available in the park make it a fertile ground for research activities. The European Union is currently funding the conservation of the Bia National Park under a Protected Areas Development Programme.
 
The constituency is also endowed with a number of rocks which are of immense tourist value. One of these is the Big Rock (Nyoboe Piri), located in the Nkwanta forest, about seven kilometres away from the town towards Asawinso. Here, rocks of different size overlap each others, making for very attractive scenery. On festive days, the Nkwanta Chief and elders perform customary rites on the rock.
 
Another intriguing rock is Alekabuma, otherwise known as the “box rock”. This is a large rock naturally shaped into three different steps and lies in a valley in the forest near Sayerano, where the river Sanyere flows. The three steps are shaped differently with a middle step like a box, hence its name, the “box rock”. The there is the Rock House, known as Bodan.
 
This rock house is found in the forest, about 15km from the Sayerabo town. The rocks are naturally packed like a house with routes that lead into and out of the “house”. The rock House served as an abode for hunters during their expeditions many years ago.
 
Finally, there is Nyoboe Ayemoe, the Rock with Tears. This rock is found in the Bodi forest about 20km from Juabeso, the constituency capital. This large rock has a height of about 30 metres and a length of 300 metres. River Asuo Abena takes its source from the rock.
 
Krokosue Hills Forest Reserve
The Krokosue Hills Forest Reserve harbours many plant species which include Caltish, Triplochisto, Scleroxylon, Patadenstrium Africanus etc. The North Western part of the reserve harbours a lot of primates common being the Mona Monkey, Spotted nosed Monkey, Black and White Colobus, White Mangabey and Chimpanzee.
 
CAMP 5
There is an elephant sanctuary within the Krokosue forest reserve created at camp 5. Elephants could be easily observed during specific period within the year. The date for
peak periods are annually given by the wildlife officers at the Camp.
 
Traditional Festival
Yam festival or Alluolue is celebrated by some communities annually. Socially, the festival brings chiefs and the people together and serves as an occasion for settlement of
disputes.
 
LOCATION AND SIZE
Juaboso constituency being one of the thirteen constituency in the Western Region is located between latitude 60 6 N and 70 0 N, and longitude 20 40’W and 30, 15W. The district shares borders with Bia and Asunafo North constituency in the North, Asunafo South and Sefwi Wiawso constituency to the East, Aowin Suaman constituency to the south and la Cote d’voire to the west.
 
The constituency capital Juaboso, is located 360 km to the North of Sekondi, the Regional capital and a distance of 225 km from Kumasi, the Regional capital of Ashanti Region.
 
The constituency has a surface area of 1924 square kilometers and serves as entry/exit point between La Cote d’Ivore and republic of Ghana.
 
It is remotely located in terms of proximity to the Regional, National capital and large commercial market centres. This makes travelling to the regional capital Sekondi very difficult and expensive.
 
TOPOLOGY AND DRAINAGE
The constituency forms part of the countrys dissected plateau. The greater proportion of this plateau is between 240 and 300 meters above sea level. Within the constituency, there are isolated hills ranging between 300 and 390 metes above sea level.
 
There are also a few areas – mainly the valleys of major rivers such ad Bia that do not exceed 150 meters above sea level. The constituency is endowed with a number of rivers and streams, the most important of which are Bia and Sui rivers.
 
The streams and rivers usually flow souhthwards and exhibit a dendritic pattern to the Bia basin. They offer equable climatic conditions and opportunity for the cultivation of valley bottom rice, fish, vegetable and sugarcane farming.
 
CLIMATE AND VEGETATION
Juaboso constituency forms part of the countrys wet semi-equatorial climatic zone. The zone is characterized by two maxima rainfall regime with mean annual rainfall figures ranging from 1,250-2,000mm. The two rainfall peaks fall between May-June and September – October respectively.
 
Mean annual temperatures for the constituency range between 25.5oc and 26.50 C. The highest temperature, which is recorded between March and April, is about 300 C. The area also records high Relative Humidity figures, ranging from 75-90% during the wet season and 70-80% during the dry season.
 
The area experiences two main seasons, namely the wet season and the dry season. The wet season is roughly between April and October, while the dry season is between November and March. The long period of the wet season which is characterized by abundant rainfall sometimes disrupt the smooth implementation of development project, including road and building construction.
 
The constituency experience high intensity of sunlight and this provides cheap solar energy for the drying of farm produce especially cocoa and cereals. The relatively long wet (rainy) season as well as the abundant rains had been favorable for the cultivation of food and cash crops. However, the brief but often severe harmattan (dry winds) brings about outbreak of bush fires, which sometimes causes serious, crop losses and environmental hazards. The constituency vegetation is of moist semi-deciduous forest type. The forest foliage is made up of upper, middle and low canopies.
 
As the name “semi-deciduous” implies most of the trees in the upper and middle layers shed their leaves during the dry season while the lower layer remains evergreen. The forest vegetation is normally made up of hundreds of different tree species.
 
Some of the important species include Wawa, Mahogany, Esa, Ofram, Edinam, Onyina, Kyenkyen and Odum. This explains reasons for the constituency being the bed rock of timber exploitation in the country. These are productive reserves where timber harvesting is done. The forest reserves are also intended to preserve the environment and other plant species. Bodi and Bia Torya reserve are degraded. Effective strategies are now in place to prevent degradation of Korkosue, the only reserve in the constituency.
 
GEOLOGY AND SOIL
The constituency geological composition is mainly of the Birimian formation. There are also granite rocks the Birimian formation, which covers about three quarters of the closed forest zone is said to be the most important mineral bearing rocks. Figure 2 shows the districts geology and soil. Deposit of mineral such s gold is mined on a small scale level at Juaboso.
 

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