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Full Constituency Details
 
 

Kintampo North

Region: Brong Ahafo Region
Member of Paliament: Kunsu, Stephen

 CULTURAL HERITAGE AND CUSTOMS

Traditional Set up
There are two main traditional paramountcies systems in the constituency. These are the Nkrwanzamanhene and the Momanhene. Each of these paramoutncies has divisional chiefs under them.
 
Ethnicity and Religion
The ethnic composition of the constituency is heterogeneous with the Mos and Nkoranzas being the indigenous custodians of the land.  There are however, a large proportion of northern tribes which forms the third force in the Municipality not forgetting of other Akan tribes, Ewes, Gas and others. In terms of religion, Christians dominate, comprising 62.2% of the total population and the Muslim Community 29.6%.  This may be due to immigration of settler farmers from the north who are mostly Muslims.  Traditional religion still has a place in the Municipality and is practiced by 8.2% of the population.
 
Kingship
The nature of change of chief is by Enstoolment.  Traditionally, Kintampo is under two traditional paramount chiefs.  That is, the Nkoranza and the Mo traditional Councils.  Both the extended and nuclear family system is practiced in the constituency.  While the Nkoranzas practise matrilineal system of inheritance, the Mos on the other hand practice patrilineal system. 
 
Values and Taboos
Taboo systems in the constituency vary from tribe to tribe.  Whiles the Mos believe that anyone who goes to farm on Friday will have himself hurt; the Nkoranzas also have it that anyone who goes to farm on Tuesday will have the repercussions of the earth gods. The Mos also believe that an individual who sets fire to the bush and it gets to Old Longoro (the traditional head quarters) the fellow will die unless he goes through some spiritual purification.  Another taboo which is believed by the Mos to be an enemy to the gods of the land is black goat.  As such, any black goat that gets to the Mo Land is slaughtered to pacify the gods.
 
Festivals
Festivals celebrated in the constituency include the Yam and Bush Burning festivals by the Mos, Nkyefie festival of the Bonos, Damba festival of the Dagombas and Gonjas, Munufie festival by the Nkoranzas and Krubi festival by the Wangara settlers in Kintampo. 
 
ECONOMY
 
Major Economic Activities
The Kintampo North constituency economy can be described as purely agrarian in that almost every resident in the area is a farmer.  About 71.1% of the population is engaged in agriculture and its related activities as their main economic activity.  The remaining 28.9% are distributed among commerce, industry and services.
 
Agriculture
Agriculture being the major economic activity constitutes the main source of household income in the area.  The major food crops produced in the area are Yam, Maize, Cowpea, Cassava, Rice, Plantain, Egushie, Groundnut and Beans. Cashew, Mango, Tomatoes, Onions, Water Mellon, Garden eggs and Soya beans have potential to increase the incomes of farmers. 
 
Markets
Apart form the weekly markets at Kintampo, Babatorkuma, Dawadawa, Gulumpe, New Longoro which fall on every Wednesday, Sundays, Fridays, Fridays and Saturdays respectively there is no market in the area anywhere. All communities come to these markets to sell or by their needed goods. 
 
TOURISM ATTRACTIONS
 
Tourism transcends socio-economic sectors and includes all the activities, attractions, facilities, services and infrastructure related to people’s travels away from their homes on long day trips or for over-night stays.  Travels may be for holidays and recreation, business, meetings and conferences.  Tourism refers to temporary travels and not to long-term stays or permanent migration.  Tourism is a fast growing sector in the country and Ghana has the potential of getting a good share of the world trade.  It is evident that primary products, which form the economic bedrock of this country, can no longer survive in this competitive advancing world economy.
 
The constituency is unique in primary tourist attractions and plays a central role in the Brong Ahafo Region’s tourism industry. Tourist attractions in the constituency include the Kintampo Waterfalls along the Kintampo-Tamale road, the Fulla Falls at Yabraso, about eight kilometres from Kintampo, along the New Longaro road, and Nante Waterfalls at Nante, along the Techiman-Kumasi road.
 
There are other waterfalls in the constituency but these have not yet been given much attention.Indeed, the constituency has been nicknamed “The constituency of Waterfalls in Ghana”. Another interesting place for tourists to visit is the burial ground of world war British Military officers who died in Kintampo.
 
The main natural attractions are the Pumpum River falls 70m down some beautiful rocky steps to form the Kintampo Water Falls which continue its journey towards the Black Volta at Buipe and the Fuller falls 7km west of Kintampo which provides a cool swim in a pool; stool- like carved rocks to sit.
 
Another tourist attractions in the Kintampo constituency is the historical heritage which includes the geographical centre of Ghana located at the constituency capital, Kintampo; the Slave market, Caves and night lamp at Kunsu; and the European cemetery where eight of the “Gold Coast Regiment” were buried. The British established several operational offices during the colonial period. Kintampo was the seat of the commissioner of the Ashanti Region. Several of the original British buildings are still standing.
 
Also, the constituency is at the geographical centre of Ghana and a monument has been erected right at the spot. Other sites include the Bosomoa Forest Reserve with its flora and fauna, as well as the conical hills and ridges at the southern part of the constituency, all of which provide a wonderful sense of nature.
 
As Ghana adopts a deliberate policy of opening up the hinterlands to trade, investment and tourism, Kintampo District is an obvious choice in the Brong Ahafo Region for investment. The constituency  is ready to support and encourage any investor interested in investing in the Municipality.
 
To diversify, the government has rightly identified tourism as a possible saviour in the country.  The tourist attractions are dotted all over the country of which Kintampo constituency is not left out.  The constituency abounds in tourism attractions.  These potential areas and activities need to be repackaged and promoted properly if the constituency is to be noticed in this highly sophisticated market, in the country.  Generally, the ecology of the constituency has produced lots of tourist attractions.
 
CLIMATE AND VEGETATION
 
Climate
The Municipality experiences the Tropical Continental or interior Savannah type of climate, which is a modified form of the tropical continental or the Wet-semi equatorial type of climate. This is due largely to the fact that the district is in the transitional Zone between the two major climatic regions in Ghana.
 
The mean annual rainfall is between 1,400mm-1,800mm and occurs in two seasons; from May to July and from September to October with the minor season (May – July) sometimes being obscured. However, because of the transitional nature of the area, the distinction between the two peaks is often not so marked.
 
The mean monthly temperature ranging from 30°c in March to 24°c in August with mean annual temperatures between 26.5°c and 27.2°c. These conditions give rise to sunny conditions for most parts of the year. Relative humidities are light varying from 90%-95% in the rainy season to 75% - 80% in the dry season. The climate of the constituency has the tendency to change and be inclined more to the drier tropical continental conditions or to the wet semi-equatorial conditions.
 
Vegetation
The constituency comes under the interior wooded savannah or tree savannah. However, owing to its transitional nature, the area does not totally exhibit typical savannah conditions. Thus the savannah here is heavily wooded, though most of the trees are not as tall and gigantic as those in the most deciduous forest.
 
It is believed that the transitional Zone was once forested and that the savannah conditions currently prevailing have been the result of man’s activities. This may be evidenced by the existence of “fringe forest” found along the banks of major rivers and streams and other areas where the impact of man’s activities are minimal.
 
Only trees such as the Mahogany, Wawa, Odum, Onyina, Boabab, Dawadawa, Acacia, and the Sheanut trees, which have adapted to this environment are found in the vegetation zone. They are few and scattered except along the margins of the moist deciduous forest where the trees often grow quite close together. Grass grows in tussocks and can reach a height of about 10 ft.
 
GEOLOGY AND SOIL
 
Geology
The rock formation and type forms the geology of an area. The rocks underlying the Kintampo North constituency form part of the Voltarian formation which covers about two – fifths (2/5) of the surface area of Ghana and about 80% of the constituencys land surface. Rocks belonging to this formation are mainly sedimentary and exhibit horizontal alignments.
 
Sand stone, shale, mudstone and limestone are the principal examples of these rocks. Oral reports revealed that the Voltarian formation was created soon after the Precambrian era when sagging of land occurred resulting in scarp slopes due to different levels of sagging.
 
The geology of the constituency is a potential resource for development. As already mentioned, deposits of clay, sand, limestone, stone/gravel and a few reported traces of gold at Kunsu, Sogboi, Bankamba and Dwere could be a stepping stone in the development of the entire constituency.
 
For instance, the abundant clay deposits at Benkrom, Bewele and Dwere could be used for glazed pottery and manufacture of burnt bricks and roofing tiles. However, large-scale exploitation of these resources has not taken place yet; neither is their economic viability established.
 
Soils
Soils in the constituency belong to two main groups; the ground water lateral soils” which cover nearly three fifths of the constituency in particular and the interior wooded savannah zone in general. The other soil group, covering the rest of the two-fifths of the Municipality is the savannah ochrosols occurring in the south and south- western parts of the constituency.
 
These soils are formed mainly over Voltain shale and granites. The ground water lateral soils are generally poor in organic matter and in nutrients. However the savannah ochrosols are more supplied with organic matter and nutrients. Generally, these soils are good for the cultivation of tubers, cereals, tobacco, vegetable and legumes. Cashew and cotton production has been on a large scale in the Municipality.
 
TOPOLOGY AND DRAINAGE
 
The Kintampo North constituency which falls within the Voltain Basin and the Southern Plateau physiographic regions is a plain with rolling and undulating land surface with a general elevation between 60-150m above sea level. The southern Voltain plateau occupying the southern part of the constituency is characterized by series of escarpments.
 
The constituency which falls within the Voltain basin is endowed with a lot of water resources. The major water bodies include the Fra, Urukwain, and the Nyamba rivers. Others are rivers Oyoko, Nante, Pumpum and Tanfi. These water bodies flow through the west of the constituency and join the Black Volta at Buipe. The slopes through which the rivers flow have given rise to water falls. The major ones include the Fular Falls on the Oyoko River and the Kintampo water falls on the Pumpum River. Most of these rivers are intermittent and the large ones like Urukwain and Pumpum fluctuate in volume. This makes them unreliable for irrigation purpose.
 
In terms of relief and drainage, the vast expanse of flat land especially the northern part makes it suitable for large scale mechanized farming. Road construction and other activities are also relatively cheap. The vast water resources in the western part of the district could be harnessed for irrigation purposes especially rice cultivation and dry season gardening as well as domestic supply of potable water. Fishing which is already an important activity on the Black Volta can be promoted if measures are put in place to ensure sustainable operations by the fishermen.
 
LOCATION AND SIZE
 
It is located between latitudes 8º45’N and 7º45’N and Longitudes 1º20’W and 2°1’E and shares boundaries with five districts in the Country:, namely; Central Gonja District to the North; Bole District to the West; East Gonja District to the North-East (all in the Northern Region); Kintampo South District to the South; and Pru District to the South- East (all in the Brong Ahafo Region).
 
The Municipal Capital, Kintampo, is about 130KM away by road from the regional capital and lies east of the BAR Capital, Sunyani.  The constituency has a surface area of about 5,108km², thus occupying a land area of about 12.9% of the total land area of BAR (39,557km²).
 
In terms of location and size, the contsituency is strategically located at the centre of Ghana and serves as a transit point between the northern and southern sectors of the country.  It is hoped that the construction of the Kunsu- Ntankro- Prang- Kintampo- Wa roads will further open and enhance vehicular traffic on these roads as well as interaction between the southern and northern parts of Ghana.

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