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Full Constituency Details
 
 

Tarkwa Nsuaem

Region: Western Region
Member of Paliament: Kusi, Eugenia Gifty

Cultural Heritage And Customs

 
The Wassa Traditional Fiase Land cuts across two constituency, namely Wassa West constituency and the Mpohor Wassa East constituency. 
 
The traditional capital of the area is Benso and that is where we have the stool of the Omanhene.  For administrative purposes, however the capital has been moved to Tarkwa which is also the administrative capital.   
 
Under the traditional set-up, we have the Omanhene as the head, supported internally by the Queen Mother and the Abusuapanyin who is the head of the Royal Family.  Directly under the Omanhene, are the Adontenhene who also, serves as the Tutuhene, the Adviser to the Omanhene the Nifahene (Right Wing Chief), and the “Benkumhene” (Left Wing Chief).  These three chiefs form what is known as the “Nkukusa” (The three Big Stools)
 
In all, there are thirty-nine (39) Divisional chiefs serving under the Omanhene.  Under these divisional chiefs are the Sub-chiefs (Odikros) who are directly accountable to the Divisional Chiefs who in turn pay allegiance to the Omanhene.
 
It is also important to note that, at the Wassa Fiase Traditional Council, the Divisional Chiefs serve under two main divisions, that is, the Gyase and the Asamanfo Divisions.  There are eighteen Divisional chiefs serving under the Asamanfo Division whilst twenty-one of them serve under the Gyase Division.
 
Atitude  and Practices of the People
The people  have on record any negative practices that measures to the level of the “Trokosy” and others that have been publicly denounced.
 
However, practices such as child Labour which can be aptly described as either a national or continental problem persists in the Municipality.
 
Festivals
History has it that, formerly some of the big communities in the contituency were celebrating annual festivals which served as rallying points for the mobilization of the people for development.  Most of the communities were celebrating the “Odwira” Festival which has become defunct of late. In the whole of the Wassa, it is only the Dompim Community that currently celebrates “Akpa” festival.
 
The people of Wassa are Akans and take to the general culture of Akans but with some minor differences as pertains in other Akan Societies
 
Ethnicity and Religion
The dominant tribe  is the Wassaws who happen coincidentally to be the indigenous people.  They constitute 43 percent, while other tribes notably, Ahanta, Fantis, Brong, Ewe Ga, Kokombas among other make up the remaining 57% of the population.  The Moslem population forms 6.6 percent and traditional religion only 1.4 percent.  It stands crystally clear that; Christianity is the predominant religion.
 
AGRICULTURAL SECTOR
Agriculture is the major labour force relay upon in terms of employment.  Basically, Agricultural development  is confined to subsistence farming mostly farming livelihood.  About 40% of WASSA WEST population is engaged in agricultural activities.  Female population engaged in agriculture is estimated to be about 70% of the total farmers.
 
The  Agriculture comprises of crops livestock and fishers.  The annual grant rate which was between 2 to 3% has risen to 5% at the end of 2005.  The total Agricultural land is 1,083 sq km, representing 462 of the total land area.
 
The major staple food crops are maize, cassava, rice, plantain, cocoyam/taro and yam/kokoase.  During the period covering 2003 to 2005 improved agricultural technologies were pursued to enable farmers to increase their yields.  These techniques include improved varieties, correct planting distance, timely weeding, and correct use of weedicides and insecticides controls of post harvest losses and effective, fertilizer application.  It is estimated that if 65% of farmers adopt the improved practical yield level of 5% could immense to 89% of 2009.
 
Major Cash Crops
Cocoa, oil palm, coffee, rubber, coconut and citrus are some of the cash crops.  Prominent among the cash crops and with economic values in the constituency are oil palm, rubber, cocoa and coconut.
 
Non-Traditional Crops
The cultivation of non-traditional exports crops in the constituency is gaining popularity of becoming export crops.  They include cola, pineapple, Piper Nigrum (Black pepper) mushroom, citrus and bananas.  These crops have a bigger potential of divesting the local economy and boost the source of income for the indigenous people.
 
TOURISM
Tourism is one particular industry that the constituency can harness to create jobs for the teaming unemployed youth and also generate income for the  constituency.  Tourism  has an enormous potential at propelling the economy to be a vibrant one.  It will also be a way of finding an alternative source of employment at shifting away from mining and farming, which are key sources of employment.
 
There is enough evidence to show majority of the people in and around do not appreciate the potential the natural environment can offer.  Ironically, tourism is not well harnessed in spite of the rich forest reserves, historic sports, Culture, Mining Sites, among vast potentials.  However, one major setback is the bad road network, to tourist sits.  Notwithstanding this, there are enough potential to  develop and reap the benefits of tourism in the constituency.  Below are some tourist attractions.
 
The Bonsayika Sacred Grove:  it is an island of about 4.5 kilometre square on the Bonsa River.  Dompimhene is the custodian of this sacred grove.  A chamber hall –like rock formation and other huge rocks and various wild animal species, such as preptiles of various kinds, monkeys, antelopes etc are found on the island.  The mystery surrounding this sacred grove is pictures taken could not be developed.  
 
The Kobriko Sacred Grove:  It is a pond situated at Tetrem  No One goes near wearing shoes, sandals or slippers.  If you try to go near wearing something on your feet, you will fall down.  You  should go near bear footed.  Also anytime a leave falls in the pond a black bird who is always packed on a tree will dive and pick up the leave from the pond. It has other mysteries surrounding it.
 
There are other rock formations at Nyaso Nkran near Dompim and Yaayaho near Awudua.  The myths on these rock formations are interesting as told by the elders of the communities around these rock formations.
 
Lake Abribre:- Lake Abribre is a lake created by mining of manganese by the Ghana manganese company and is located at Tarkwa Banso, a distance of about 10 minutes, drive from Tarkwa could be developed into a recreational centre due to it serene atmosphere.
 
Forest Reserves
These 6 big forest reserves , these reserves possess variety of species of trees of great economic and medicinal values.  They also serve as protection to water bodies and excellent assets for the promotion of eco-tourism. They can serve as research grounds in the medical, botanical and tourism education. 
 
Large-scale surface mining is competing with farmers for the remaining forest area for either mining or farmlands. There is therefore the need to sustain these reserves.
 
HISTORICAL AND NATURAL SITES
The “Battle of Nsamankow “ was fought between the Asantes and the british is at a site near Bonsaso.  This is the place where sir Charles Mcarthy one time governor was killed in 1821.  the first mechanical dredge mining used in Ghana is at Awudua near Booho presently called Gambia can serve as an important tourist site for both local and foreigners. 
 
However, all these tourist and historic attractions are left untapped to support the economy.  There exist mysterious rocks and waterfalls with very interesting characteristics which is very appealing to the eyes.  This site could be developed into a tourist village for holiday makers.
 
 
Beads, sculptured pieces, cane products, basketry, pottery are some of the handicrafts that have tourist values.  They have the potentials to creating a tourist village to show case the rich cultural items of the constituency.  The importance of this product is to create an alternative system of job creation and development of the micro-economic. 
 
Mine Tourism    
It could be said that its the first place mining activities started in the country some years ago.  By the time Geological Survey Department was formed in 1913 underground good mines had been operating in Tarkwa and Bogoso sites.  In fact, before Europeans from Portugal and Britain arrived between 1453 and 1622, the people of Apinto were mining both alluvial and lode gold. 
 
Men were extracting the minerals from deep pits and women and children panning for gold dust in rivers and streams.  Some of the underground mines have long been abandoned and could be turned into tourist attractions. The first dre dying machine get stucted in a village near Awudua called Nkran. 
 
LOCATION AND SIZE
The Tarkwa Nsuaem constituency is one of the constituency in the Western Region of Ghana is located between Latitude 400’N and 500 40’N and Longitudes 10 45’ W and 20 10’W. It Bounded to the north is the Wassa Amenfi constituency, the south by the Ahanta West constituency, the West by the Nzema East constituency and the East by Mpohor Wassa East constituency. It has a total land area of 2354 sq. km.
 
TOPOLOGY AND DRAINAGE
The constituency falls within the forest dissected plateaus physiographic region. Pre-cambrain rocks of Birimian and Tarkwaian formations underlie the forest-disserted plateau. The land rises from about 240 meters to about 300 meters above sea level.
 
The area is generally undulating with few scarps ranging between 150 meters to 300 meters above sea level. The Bonsa, Ankobra and Huni rivers and their numerous tributaries including Buri, Anoni, Sumin, Ayiasu drain the area depicting a dendritics pattern.
 
CLIMATE AND VEGETATION
It lies within the South-Western Equatorial Zone. It therefore has fairly uniform temperature, ranging between 260C in August and 300C in March. Sunshine duration for most part of the year averages 7 hours per day. Relative humidity is generally high throughout the year between 70 – 80 percent in the dry season and 75 – 8- percent in the west season.
 
It experiences the highest rainfall in Ghana. It has a mean annual rainfall of 187.83cm with a double maximum rainfall starting from March and September as the main rainfall season and October to February as the dry season.
 
This has an important effect on the environment in creating watersheds, large expanses of stagnant water bodies, deep trenches and gullies as well as leaching the nutrient content of the soil. Vegetation The Municipality falls within the rainfall belt with the height of trees ranging between 15 – 40 meters high. They also have wide crowns. The forest is full of climbers and lianas, which are able to reach into the upper tree layer. Economic trees include mahogany, wawa, odum, sapele among others. In recent times, most part of the rich forest has been reduced to secondary forest through increased human activity. Human activities like, excessive opening cast mining, farming activities and indiscriminate lumbering, have impacted negatively on the natural vegetation. However can still boast of large forest reserves like the Bonsa Reserves (209.79km2), Ekumfi Reserve (72.52km2) and Neung Reserve (157.84Km2).
 
GEOLOGY AND SOIL
It forms part of the Birimian and Tarkwain geological formations. Economically, the Birimian rocks are regarded as the most important formations due to its mineral potentials. It accounts for the existence of many Gold and Manganese mining companies in the constituency.
 
Soil are deep and open and acidic in many places due to heavy leaching of bases from the top because of the high rainfall, humidity and temperatures. They are mainly forest oxysoils developed over a wide range of highly weathered parent materials including Tarkwaian and Birimian rocks. The acidic nature reduces availability of soil phosphorus, calcium and magnesium, but generally, levels are acceptable for good plant growth, hence the extensive cultivation of cassava, maize, plantain, rubber, cocoa and oil palm among others.

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