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Full Constituency Details


Region: Northern Region
Member of Paliament: Tijani, Mohammad Habib


Basically sedimentary rocks of predominantly voltarian sandstone, shales and mudstones. The soils derived from the above parent materials range from laterite, ochrosols, sandy soils, alluvial soils and clay. The organic content is low and is increasingly worsened by the extensive bush burning and bad agricultural practices. This to a large extent accounts for the low yield per acre and its consequent food shortage during the dry or lean season in the constituency.
Mean annual rainfall for the constituency is (Jan- Dec.) – 1,125mm. Mean wet season rainfall for the Municipal is (April- Oct.) 1,150 mm. Mean dry season rainfall (Nov. – March) 75mm. Mean annual deficit is between 500 mm and 600 mm. Rainfall is seasonal and unreliable.
Temperature ranges between 21 °C- 36°C giving rise to high temperature range. The vegetation is of the tree savannah type in areas not affected by settlements and farming activities. The degraded savannah type of vegetation is found around settlements and heavily cultivated areas. The rampant and extensive bush burning is having a marked effect on the Vegetation and consequently the climate.
High temperatures make the environment uncomfortable for both biotic and a biotic organisms to function effectively. Economic trees in the constituency include ubiquitous Shea trees, Dawadawa, Mango and Cashew.
Major attraction of the constituency
The tourism potential in the municipality is quite enormous.  The explored ones are indicated as follows:
Mahama Dan Issah Alias Baba Atos (“Babatu”) Grave in Yendi 
Baba Ato was a notorious slave raider who together with Samori terrorised the Northern Region in the 19th Century.  He is said to have originated from a tribe in the modern day Niger.  Some relics of his weapons used to enslave can be found in the family compound of some of his descendants at Yendi.His grave has been preserved by his descendants.
Adibo Dale – Adibo (site of the battle of Adibo fought between the Germans and Dagombas in 1897
The significance of Adibo Dale is the resistance to slave raiding in the North.  It is stated that lots of spiritual events took place eg the hoof prints of the Kanbona-Kpemas (Chief warrior) are still visible on boabab tree at Adibo since then.
German cemetery in Yendi, popularly called “German grave” is the location of interment of German and Dutch soldiers who died in their colonization efforts in a war with Dagombas preceding the establishment of German rule.
It is however, ascertained that some early missionaries mainly from U.S.A were also buried here in the early 1900s, the major cause of the missionary deaths was malaria.
Na Dataa Tua in Yendi
This was the site where men who had sexual knowledge of the Ya-Na wives were beheaded.  At the site are a sacrificial stone and a baobab tree the base of which the heads were dumped.
Greenwich Meridian
This passes through Yendi and a number of communities in the municipality.
The eastern corridor of the Northern Region serves as the food basket of the region. In both production and marketing, Yendi constituency is a tested example of a truly agro-based area on account of its strategic location. Since the institution of the National Annual Farmers Day, several awards have been received by farmers from the Yendi constituency, these being evidence of the constituencys natural advantages and the sheer productivity of its farmers.
The major crops grown in the constituency are maize, rice, sorghum, millet, cassava, yam, groundnut and beans, all of which are outstandingly productive in the area. Instructively, the Ministry of Food and Agriculture estimates that the yields per hectare for these crops in Yendi constituency are all higher than the averages for the whole of the Northern Region.
Indeed, Yendi constituency has plenty of potentials in the area of agro-processing industrial operations, both local and export marketing. 
The Economy of the people is largely subsistence with Agriculture being their main occupation. Over 80% pf the people depend on Agriculture for their livelihood. Out of the total land area of 535,000 hectares, arable land constitutes 481,000 hectares out of which only 15% in under cultivation. 
Other economic activities include weaving, agro-processing (shea butter extraction), eat processing, fish mongering, wholesale and retail of general goods, transport and many others.  These activities are on a medium and small scale.
The economic potential of the  constituency in Agriculture is enormous.  The land is suitable for the cultivation of cereals, tubers and rearing of animals.  Animals reared include cattle, sheep, goats, pigs and poultry birds for domestic and commercial purposes.
A good number of the populace are engaged in small scale manufacturing business.  They include smock weavers, blacksmiths, bakers, mechanics, shea butter extraction and groundnut oil extraction.

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