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Full Constituency Details
 
 

Lambussie Karni

Region: Upper West Region
Member of Paliament: Dery, K. Edward

CULTURAL HERITAGE AND CUSTOMS

The Lambussie-Karni Constituency is made up of two main ethnic groups. These include Sissalas and Dagaabas. Other minor ethnic groups found in the Area include: Moshi, Waalas, Akan, Wangara, Gurunshi and Fulani. The constituency has one Paramouncy with ten (10) Divisional and Thirteen (13) sub-divisional chiefs. The chiefs and people of the District instituted an annual Festival Known as Mefele Gbero. The maiden celebration took place on the 29th of December 2009.The festival seeks among other things to give thanks to God for good harvest and rally the people for development initiatives.

Major religions practiced in the area include: Traditional, Christian, and Islamic religions. Despite the diversity in religion and tribe, there is a peaceful coexistence amongst various tribes and religions. This makes the constituency relatively peaceful as there are no wide-spread chieftaincy and land disputes.

AGRICULTURE

The main economic activity in the Constituency include Farming, weaving, Shea butter extraction, and petty trading. Agriculture is the main stay of the economy employing about 80% of the population. Some of the major crops cultivated in the constituency include: Maize, guinea corn, Millet and rice. With regards to live stock, goats, Sheep cattle, pigs and fowls are produced.  Subsistence farming, rearing of small ruminants trading and local poultry keeping are the main occupations of the people as sources of income, though commercial farming can be effective if given the boost.

The people also do fishing along the streams and dams during certain periods of the season. Even though fishing takes place in the dams, rivers, and streams in the constituency, fish farming is not practiced, therefore no fish ponds exist. Traditionally, all lands belong to the landlords, otherwise known as “Tendaanbas. For development and investment purposes, land can be sold out, or leased to developers for fees determined by those in charge i.e. Tendaanbas.

There is vast tract of arable land suitable for large scale farming and animal production. The main crops cultivated include maize, sorghum; millet and rice among others The Leguminous crops cultivated include groundnuts, cowpea soybean and Bambara beans. The presence of valley presents the constituency with an opportunity for the construction of dams for dry season farming. There are two dams which are a source of livelihood for many people during the dry season. However the Piina dam broke down as it could not contain the large volume of water during the torrential rains in 2008. The rehabilitation the Dam would enhance farming activities during the dry season thereby minimizing out-migration.

There is a large silo which was put up by the defunct Food Distribution Corporation which is suitable for storage of food produce in large quantities. This could serve as a boost for large-scale farming.

LOCATION AND SIZE

The Lambussie-Karni constituency lies in the north-western corner of the Upper West Region of Ghana.The constituency was created from the Jirapa-Lambussie District Assembly by the legislative Instrument LI 1849 in 2007.

The constituency shares boundaries to the south with Jirapa constituency, to the East with Sissala West constituency, to the West with the Lawra constituency and to the North with Burkina Faso. The constituency, therefore, serves as the National Gate way to Burkina Faso.  Other major towns in the constituency include Hamile, Samoa, Billaw, Piina and Karni. The location of the constituency is strategic as its proximity to Burkina Faso could enhance cross border trade and other mutual relationships in terms of exchange of ideas for the development of the constituency.

However cross border crimes and other spread diseases could also have negative consequences for the constituency as it is the entry and exit point for both humans and animals Bellow is the draft map of the constituency.

TOPOLOGY AND DRAINAGE

Generally the landscape of the constituency is flat and low-lying, with an average height of 300 meters above sea level. There are some plateaus spots ranging in height from 300-350 meters around Bamwon, Lambussie, Nabaala and Billaw areas. These areas are believed to have gold deposits in large quantities. There is therefore a potential for mining activities in those areas.

Drainage is quite poor as there are no major rivers, except a few tributaries of the Black Volta. The only major stream is the “Bugbele” at Piina.  In the dry season, all the water sources dry up, leaving the constituency with no surface water.
The constituency abounds in valleys for the development of dams and dug-outs for small scale irrigation, fishing and watering of animals, particularly in the long dry season.

CLIMATE AND VEGETATION

The constituency is situated in the Tropical Continental Climatic Zone with mean-annual temperature ranging between 28 and 31 degrees Celsius. It experiences a single rainy season which starts in June and ends in October giving way to a long dry season usually from November to May. The constituency also experiences an erratic pattern of rainfall which varies from year to year resulting occasionally in intermittent drought and flooding. Annual rainfall ranges between 900-1,100mm.

The constituency lies within the Guinea Savannah woodland vegetation with light undergrowth and scattered trees. Trees such as Dawadawa and baobab are ubiquitous in the constituency. These trees are of economic importance as most people depend on them for their livelihood. However, notwithstanding the importance of these trees, indiscriminate felling of trees especially for firewood, charcoal and other related activities have put excessive pressure on these trees, making them stand the risk of extinction. This implies that, there should be mass campaign to encourage the populace to embark on tree planting rather than indiscriminate felling of the tree species.

GEOLOGY AND SOIL

The Lambussie-Karni constituency has an extensive Birimian formation with concentration of granite rocks around Lambussie, Bamwon and Billaw. The granite rocks store considerable quantities of ground water and therefore have high potential sinking boreholes and hand-dug wells. The major soil type in the constituency is sandy loam, with undulating hard pan concentrations. There are however, strips of alluvial soils along the valleys and the tributaries of the Black Volta, suitable for rice farming.

It is gratifying to note that the sandy loamy soils are fertile and suitable for the cultivation of cereals and leguminous crops such as maize, sorghum, cowpea and groundnuts on a large scale. The presence of gravel and clay deposits in the constituency presents an opportunity for the construction of bricks and tiles, paint and pottery industries.

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