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Full Constituency Details
 
 

Wa East

Region: Upper West Region
Member of Paliament: Salifu, Ameen

 GEOLOGY AND SOIL

The constituency consists mainly of pre-cambrian base rock, granite and metamorphic rock types. Deposits of gold, iron and bauxite and clay abound in the Bulenga constituency and in other parts of the constituency. The rocks offer opportunities for mining and illegal miners called “galamsey” are exploiting them.
 
The soil are mainly sandy loamy which are very fertile and suitable for the cultivation of tubers, cereals, legumes and livestock.
 
CLIMATE AND VEGETATION
The climate is tropical equatorial, which prevails through out the northern part of Ghana. Temperatures are high all-year, ranging between 15cº-45cº. The temperatures are lowest in December/January, while the highest occur in March /April. The average annual and average monthly temperatures are 21cº and 38cº respectively.
 
The Harmattan, characterized by cold, dry dusty wind with occasional haze occurs between November to April yearly. The constituency has a single rainfall regime from May-October. The average annual rainfall is about 1,200mm/year and they are torrential, erratic and stormy. The single rainfall regime does not make farming all year round possible.
 
Most farmers therefore become redundant during the long dry season, from November to May. There is therefore the need for irrigation facilities in the constituency to provide employment opportunities during this period.
 
The vegetation is guinea savanna, depicted by isolated woodlands, short thick trees, shrubs and grasses of varying heights. The common economic trees in the constituency include sheanut, baobab, kapok, dawadawa, acacia, neem and ebony, mangoes, cashew and acheaple. Over 30% of the natural vegetation has been destroyed by annual bush burning, inappropriate farming practices, indiscriminate cutting of trees for wood, charcoal and poor animal husbandry practices. 
 
As a measure to address this problem, The Friends of the Environment in Agro-Forestry, an NGO has initiated a project aimed at promoting tree-planting by individuals and organizations in the constituency.
 
TOPOLOGY AND DRAINAGE
The land is generally undulating with height between 180-1300m above sea level. Drainage is the dendrite type, dominated by the Kulpawn and its tributaries. Most of the rivers over flow their banks during the raining seasons and make most parts of the constituency inaccessible during this period.
 
However, they dry up during the dry season but offer great opportunities for fishing and irrigation dams if they are properly harnessed.
 
LOCATION AND SIZE
The Wa East constituency was curved out of the Wa municipality and made an autonomous constituency by L.I 1746 in July 2004. The constituency is remotely located in the southeastern part of the Upper West region. The capital is Funsi, about 115km away from Wa, the regional capital. The constituency shares boundaries with West Mamprusi to the northwest, West Gonja to southeast and the Sissala East constituency to the north.
 
It has a landmass of about 1,078km², which lies between latitudes 9º 55”n and 10º 25”n and longitude 1º 10”w and 2º 5”w. The remoteness of the constituency relative to other constituency of the region has deprived it of basic social and economic infrastructure and services.
 
AGRICULTURE
The major crops cultivated include, sorghum, millet, maize, cassava. Other crops are cowpea, bambara beans, groundnuts and rice. soya beans, cashew, cotton and mangoes are also cultivated mainly for sale. sheanuts and dawadawa are also gathered and processed into butter for cooking, cosmetics and medicinal purposes. about 67% of farmers rely on animal drawn implements while 33% of farmers use labour-intensive methods of the hoe and cutlass. 
 
Farming is rain fed and limited to the single rainfall regime from may to October and remains subsistent throughout the constituency. However, the constituency is able to produce enough food and livestock making it the ‘food basket’ of the region. in 2005 for example, the constituency was able to achieve 24.5 mt/ha yield for its major crops as against the targeted yield of 19.6 mt/ha.
 
CULTURE
There are four major tribes in the constituency; Wala (45%), Sisala (21%), Chakali (19%) and Dagaba/Lobi (15%).  The dominant religion is Islam (about 70%), Christianity (about 10%) and Traditional religion (about 20%). Cultural practices of the people are syncretic in nature. Islam has a great influence on the lives of the people. one of the fallouts of this influence is that women are hardly included in decision-making. The nnoboa system has engendered a high communal spirit in communities in the constituency.  

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