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Full Constituency Details

Upper Denkyira East

Region: Central Region
Member of Paliament: Amoakoh, Nana

 Investment And Business Potentials

Total arable land is about 75,626 hectares. This represents about 44% of total land area. However, only about 30,250.4 hectares are currently being cultivated. The average farm size is two acres but there are relatively large farms, mostly cocoa and oil palm plantations, with sizes of over four acres.
The major types of crops cultivated in the Upper Denkyira constituency include cash crops such as cocoa and oil palm and food crops such as cassava, plantain, maize and cowpeas, which are mainly grown on mixed crop basis, normally with vegetables. Cocoa is the major cash crop and is widely grown in the forest areas.
Due to increases in producer prices, the cocoa farmer’s interest seems to have been rekindled and there is both the rehabilitation of old and establishment of new farms. This provides a prime investment opportunity.
Both cash and food crop farmers are constrained by lack of credit and farm inputs such as seedlings and implements to expand and maintain their farms. Agricultural sector financiers can plug this gap, by supplying working capital and equipment through an organized credit scheme.
Thus, there is much potential in this area, especially along some of the major rivers, such as construction of small dams and pumping of water from the rivers. Post harvest management of crops is very poor in the constituency due to lack of modern storage facilities there. Therefore, there are major opportunities in this field of activity. Cocobod purchase cocoa, while Cashew and Spices Products Limited (CASHPRO) deals mainly in cashew and spices, along with cocoa, maize, cassava chips and gari.
The constituency has strong potentials for fish farming and as of 1995, there were about 29 fish farms in the constituency. 
Given the necessary backup facilities, such as land for hatcheries, additional technical men and logistical support, the fishing industry in the constituency could be greatly boosted.
The Upper Denkyira constituency falls within the forest processing zone of the Central Region. It is estimated that 57% of its total land area of 1700 square kilometres comprises forest. Total area of forest land is 98,454.15 hectares of which 1,942.50 hectares are under forest reserve. Total area under concessions (outside forest reserve) are 57,906.99 hectares, leaving 38,604 hectares not currently under concession.
Concessionaire agreements are made with various private logging companies. Since 1990, a felling cycle of 40 years has been mandatory to allow the forest to regenerate. Concessionaire agreements are administered centrally by the Concessions Unit of the Forestry Department in Accra. Permits are also granted outside concessions for such special purposes as the salvage of timber after mining or after illegal felling.
The major activity in the forestry sub-sector is logging. There are also a few small industries engaged in the processing of forestry products in the constituency, such as sawmills, which are booming businesses.
The constituency is richly endowed with mineral deposits, which are found in commercial quantities. There are already some private companies engaged in mining in the constituency. These include Dunkwa Consolidated Goldfields Limited, Anglogold Ashanti at Ayanfuri and BHPUTAH in Asikuma Nsueam . Quarrying consists mostly of the extraction of sand and gravel from river beds for use in the construction sub-sector.
Wood processing is the dominant manufacturing sub-sector in the constituency with large-scale companies such as Thomas Mois and Gallaway (TMG) and Mahogany Furniture Company engaged in it. They deal in logs, lumber and saw-milling. These companies are all doing very well, an indication that new companies setting up in the sub-sector can also be very profitable.
There are also other small scale dealers in wood products. Agro processing is also being profitably carried out in the constituency. Processing technology used is mainly manual and is applied to crops such as cassava and oil palm. The percentage of cassava and oil palm used by processing firms is less than 10% and between 50-70% respectively of total production.
Cassava is usually processed into gari, chips or powder. Oil palm is generally processed into palm oil and palm kernel oil is extracted from the kernel obtained at Dunkwa and its suburbs. Most of the oil palm fruits are sold to commercial companies, such as Juaben Oil Palm, whose demand is constantly rising, creating even more opportunities for the private companies.
Tourism Attractions
Tourism plays a leading role in the socio-economic development of the country. It is the third after gold and cocoa as the major foreign exchange earner in the country.
There are few potential tourist scenery both cultural and environmental in nature, which when developed could place the constituency on the tourism map of Ghana. These include the Boa Amponsem Palace built in the 1940s but with modern architectural design; the Odwira festival, and the Denkyira sacred land at Fawomanyo where it is believed the gods of Denkyira abide. 
Others are the legendary Denkyira Obuasi Village where a wide stretch of plain land with rocky surface that appeared as tarred and interspersed with oasis of trees exists A picturesque water fall with a gradient of about 20 feet near Opponso, the Oppon Manse forest reserve with all kinds of tree species and the Alluvial Dredging of the Offin river.
Some infrastructural facilities also exist which when properly developed could be utilized to promote tourism in the constituency. The Dunkwa Club House, which was initially constructed to serve as a multipurpose hall, games Hall etc. Hotel facilities and service in the constituency need improvement.
Location and Size
It lies within Latitudes 5º. 30’ and 6º 02’ North of the Equator and Longitudes 1º W and 2º West of the Greenwich Meridian.  It shares common boundaries with Adansi South in the North, Assin North Municipal in the East and Twiffo Atti-Morkwa District in the West and Upper Denkyira West District in the North-West. The Upper Denkyira East constituency covers a total land area of 1,020 square kilometers, which is about 10% of the total land area of the Central Region.
Topology & Drainage
The area falls under a forest-dissected plateau, rising to about 250m above sea level.  There are pockets of steep sided hills alternating with flat-bottomed valleys.  Dunkwa, the Municipal Capital, has a series of high lands circling it.  The major river in the area is the River Offin.  A number of streams which are tributaries of either the Rivers Offin or Pra flow through the constituency.  Prominent among them are the Subin Ninta, Aponapon and Tuatian in the south, Afiefi and Subin in the north.
Climate & Vegetation
The constituency falls within the semi equatorial zone with its characteristics.  The mean annual temperatures are 29 º C in the hottest months and about 24ºC in the coolest months.  There are two rainfall regimes with total annual mean rainfall between 120mm and 200mm.  The first rainy season is from May to June with the heaviest in June, while the second rainy season is from September to Mid-November.  The main dry season is from late November to February.     
The Upper Denkyira East constituency falls within the semi-deciduous forest zone.  It consists of three layers which do not differ much from the rain forest.  The trees in this forest zone do not shed all their leaves at the same time nor are they of the same species.  Trees of the lower layer and some of the topmost layers stay evergreen throughout the year.  This is due to the generally moist condition of the area.  Due to increasing cocoa and mining activities in the area, especially in the northern part of the Municipality, very little of the original forest remains, and most of what is left are secondary forests.  The forest contains various valuable timber species such as Mahogany and Wawa.
Geology & Soil
The rocks in the Municipality are predominantly of Birimian and Tarkwaian formation.  The Birimian formation consists of metamorphosed sediments as phyllites, schist and lava.  This accounts for the constituency’s rich mineral deposits particularly alluvial gold deposit along the valleys of River Offin and its tributaries and gold deposits inland   
The principal soil found in the area is forest ochrosols.  The colour of these soils range between brown and orange.  The soil is not highly leached as oxysol.  Due to the reduction in the amount of rainfall, the soils contain greater quantities of soil nutrients and are generally alkaline.  From the view point of crop production, they are the best soils in the country.  Tree crops such as cocoa and oil palm thrive in the area.  Cocoa covers about 50% of the Municipality entire arable land.  Other crops like cassava, plantain and maize also do well.

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