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Full Constituency Details
 
 

Gomoa West

Region: Central Region
Member of Paliament: Arthur, Francis Kojo

 Background Of This constituency

The constituency has two paramountcies, namely Gomoa Akyempim and Gomoa Ajumako with the seat of paramountcies located at Gomoa Assin and Ajumako respectively.
 
The Gomoa, a Fante-speaking group, constitute the majority of people in the constituency and they are mainly farmers. Gomoa-Maim is considered the traditional home of the Gomoa, a place where their ancestors first settled in the Gomoa area. However, there are pockets of Ewe speaking fishermen along its coastal beaches who engage in fishing just like any place along the region’s coastal stretch.
 
Tourism Attractions
 
Tourism Services and Potentials
High potentials exist in the constituency for tourism promotion. These include:
Rocky and sandy beach at Abrekum and extensive beach at Mankoadze and Fetteh.
 
There is a nice hotel (Till’s No.l Hotel) at Fetteh.
 
Akwambo Festival and ’Gomoa Two Weeks" in the various communities.
 
Fontofrom at Gomoa Ankamu, which are used for government functions, and PANAFEST needs further development.
 
Local horn blower at Achiase also needs training and motivation.
 
Traditional Folklore "Ama Boadze" at Benso developed about a century ago and "Apedede" at Benso.
 
Apemadze Forest at Ajumako, an ancient grove measuring about 100 acres where the Ashantis left their weapons during a war.
 
"Daadzeban" for healing broken human bones at Ekwamkrom.
 
Muni-Pomadze Ramsar Site, coastal wetlands project under the joint management of the Gomoa and Awutu-Effutu-Senya District Assemblies. Protection of various species of plants and animals particularly birds will not only attract tourists but also conserve the wetland resources.
 
A palm tree with three "heads" at Amoanda.
Rocky valley with perennial water "Yaba" at Dabanyin can be used as a natural swimming pool.
Ancient rocky market place "Abodo" at Nkoransa is a meeting place for hawks.
 
"Posuban" at Gomoa Koforidua and Otsew Jukwa
 
Slave Trade Chains at Gomoa Nduem
 
Fort Patience at Apam could be preserved rather than being used as a hotel.
 
Musano has been included in the World tourist map and serves as an Institute for African religion and Music. Every year, it receives visitors from the United States of America.
 
Ancient Shrine at Gomoa Maim preserves the ancient artifacts. Gomoa Maim was the abode of Asebu Amenfi and is the original home of the people of Gomoa.
 
Hanging stone supported by a small thread at Fetteh.
Sea and shore and rivers – Fetteh
Existing rivers in the whole of the constituency. This is a potential tourist attraction to explore. 
The various communities of the constituency celebrate Akwambo or Ahorbaa Festivals or both in their own peculiar way. Such ceremonies could be well organized and developed into tourist attractions. For example, the two traditional (Paramount) areas could come together and celebrate the climax of the festivals in one paramount town with the capacity to attract people from other areas within and outside Ghana. 
 
The two traditional areas coming together to climax the festivals in say every three years would also promote peace and solidarity between them. For tourism potentials to be fully harnessed and utilized, there is the need to improve on physical accessibility and social services. This involves the attraction and attention of both government and private sectors.
 
Location & Size:
It lies within latitude 5 °14 ° north and 5 °35
 
Topology & Drainage
The land slopes gently from south to north with isolated hills on forest dissected plateau in the north and coastal plains in the south. The area is drained by a few rivers and numerous streams.
 
The main rivers include Brushing and Ayensu. The constituency is underlain by Upper Birimanian, Lower Birimian, Cape Coast granite rocks and Foso series.
 
Climate & Vegetation
 
Vegetation
The constituency has two main vegetation zones, the coastal savannah and the moist semi-deciduous forest. The former consists mainly of grassland and trees of patches of scrub, while the latter is characterised by tall trees interspersed with grass cover, shrubs and soft woody species.
 
Climate
The constituency experiences two rainfall patterns - major rainy season (April - July) and minor rainy season (September - November). Just like most districts of the region, the major and minor dry seasons are December - March and August respectively.
 
Mean annual rainfall ranges between 70 and 90cm in the southern coastal belt and 90 to 11 Ocm in the northern and northwestern semi-deciduous forest areas. However available statistics reveals a fluctuating rainfall pattern. For example in l997 it rained for 54 days whiles in 1998 it rained for 38days.Its mean annual maximum and minimum temperatures of29°C and 26°C occur in February to March and August respectively.
 
Its relative humidity is influenced by the presence of large water bodies like the ocean, rivers, lagoons and streams. The relative humidity ranges between 70% and 80% for the northern and southern sectors of the district respectively. The constituency experiences two wind systems—the South-Western Monsoon, the direction of which influences the rainfall pattern, and dry Harmattan winds (North-East Trade Winds). The effects of the Harmattan are severe between January and February.
 
Geology & Soil
The soils in the constituency are made up of four main groups namely the forest ochrosols, forest ochrosols and oxysols intergrades, tropical black earth and forest lithosols. The forest ochrosols has a high nutrient value and is suitable for both tree and food crops, i.e. cocoa, coffee, citrus, maize, cassava, pineapple and vegetables.
 
The forest ochrosols and oxysols intergrades have lesser nutrients compared with the forest ochrosols but have similar texture. This type of soil also supports tree crops such as cocoa and all food crops.
 
The tropical black earth is thick, sticky and dark in colour containing a mixture of a high percentage of magnesium, calcium and lime. During the rainy season, these soils become thick and sticky but become compact and hard and crack up during the dry periods. These soils are potentially suitable for rice, cotton and sugar cane especially when artificial irrigation is applied. The tropical black earth exists along the coastal areas and lagoons.
 
The forest lithosols are found between Nyanyano and Winneba. These soils are also referred to as rocky soils due to the underlying hard pan and mostly have poor nutrient value. They can however support the cultivation of vegetables. Crops such as sugar cane, maize and pineapple are grown along the valleys. These soils cover a wide area of the savannah belt of the constituency.
 
In view of the nature of the physical and natural environment described above, the people of the district are mainly engaged in farming and fishing for their livelihoods. The seasonal nature of economic activities namely fishing and farming has contributed immensely to the poverty situation in the constituency.
 

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