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Gyan-Baffour, Yaw George (Prof)

Constituency: Wenchi
Region: Brong Ahafo Region
Party: NPP
Occupation/Profession: Economist/Banker/Insurer
Parliamentary Seat: minority

Date of Birth: March 27, 1951
Hometown: Wenchi, Brong Ahafo Region
Highest Education: PhD (University of Wisconsin, Madison, USA), 1992
Profession: Development Economist
Last Employment: Director-General, National Development Planning Commission (ndpc); MP (January, 2005 to date-3rd term)
Marital Status: Married (with seven children)
Religion: Christianity (Catholic)
Votes Obtained: Votes cast = 50.83%. Others: Yaw Osei Agyei (NDC) 18,660 = 45.56%, Ebenezer Gyimah Koomson (PPP) 1,228 = 3.00% and Jacob Steve Kojo Akasampah Gyan (NDP) 251 =0.61%.




The constituency aims to develop capacity and ensure effectiveness of the productive sector through sustained provision of social, economic and technical infrastructure and the creation of an enabling environment for private sector participation in the constituencys economy.

The constituency actively encourages such private sector participation, which, if harnessed, can vastly improve the performance of the local economy. Wenchi constituency has abundant natural forest and agricultural products.
It has the potential to use agriculture as the basis for economic growth,given the vast rich soil, natural forest and favourable weather conditions.The Black Volta and its tributaries flow throughout the year and this serves as a source of high potential for irrigation. 
There have been confirmed reports of deposits of gold at Nsawkaw, Namasa and Banda Boase. Several international exploration majors are currently prospecting for gold in these places. There are also large deposits of stones. Currently, Taysec Construction Company, Nsemere Quarry and KASAP Company are all engaged in the quarrying sector there.
Wenchi constituency has important historical places of interest,which can be developed into major tourist sites. The Chiridi Waterfall is a natural phenomenon situated a few kilometres from Nchiraa, which is about 28 kilometres from Wenchi town. The Fall is located in a rocky and natural virgin forest.
When developed, it could serve as a prime source of recreation and income generation. Bui Wildlife Reserve is located in the north-western part of the district. It is about 78 kilometres from Wenchi. The flora spreads along the Black Volta and is exotic. It provides a natural habitat for many animal species.
The Black Volta has hippopotamus and crocodiles. There are also several historical artifacts and places of interest in the constituency. “Bonso” is a hole, which the people of Wenchi are believed to have come from. It is located at a place known as Ahwene. Boti Falls and its sacred fish are located in the river near Wenchi.
The fishes inside this river are not eaten because of the religious importance attached to them. The Kwaku Firi Shrine is an internationally known shrine located at Nwoase, whose popularity dates back to the early 1990s. The existence of all these artifacts and cultural centres indicates that with the collaboration of genuine investors,tourism can be harnessed and developed for wider benefit.
The constituency also has two traditional festivals that are very exciting for locals and visitors alike. One is the Bometuo Festival, celebrated by the people of Badu and Jensoso. It is celebrated by young girls who are allowed to partially show their felinity to signify that they have come of age. The other one, the “Apruw” Festival, is celebrated by the people of Wenchi and Nwoase.
The underlying importance of this festival is that citizens are allowed to speak of the vices of their leaders without fear. It serves as a means of social control and a check on the area’s leadership.
However, after the festival, one may be held liable for whatever one may say. The Wenchi constituency continues to make giant strides in the social, political and economic spheres. Private sector participation is now required to fully harness the unfolding economic opportunities.
The Wenchi Municipality is located in the Western part of Brong Ahafo Region.  It is situated at the northeast of Sunyani (Regional Capital).  It lies within latitudes 7 .30°and 8.05°North and longitudes 2.15°West and 1.55
The topography of the constituency is predominantly undulating with gentle slopes of less than one percent inclination. The land generally rises from about 30 metres above sea level to over 61 metres in the northwest, with high elevation of 592 metres around Banda. Apart from the northwest highland, the other areas are basins of the tributaries of the Volta River and are therefore low-lying.
Generally, the constituency is well drained.  The Black Volta marks the northern boundary of the constituency with the Northern Region.  The tributary rivers, which serve the communities in the municipal, are Tain, Subin and Yoyo.  While some of the streams dry up in the dry season, the major rivers flow throughout the year.
These can be dammed to support continuous agricultural production and safe water provision. 
Groundwater potential in the constituency is slightly variable.  Much depends on the nature of the underlying rock formation and rainfall pattern.  The present combination of lack of water storage in the wet season, heavy run-off, high evaporation and low infiltration rates to charge aquifers in the north-western portion of the Municipality contribute to water deficiencies hampering human settlement in that area.  There is, however, good groundwater potential in the Subin, Tain and Volta Basins and generally across the Municipality.
The prevailing climatic conditions in the constituency constitute important parameters for development.  Climate, for example, has some influence on the quality and quantity of land cover.  Similarly, rainfall and available moisture content are vital factors for existing and potential resource use in the constituency.  The rainy season occurs between April and October with a short dry spell in August.  The average annual rainfall is about 1,140 – 1,270mm. 
The Municipality experiences an average of four (4) months of rain.  However, rivers such as Tain, Subin and the Black Volta flow throughout the year, which can be dammed to support dry season farming. The pattern of rainfall has been erratic over the years, which has affected production levels of farmers.
The dry season, also known as the hamattan, occurs between November and February. This long period of dryness makes the Municipality very vulnerable and susceptible to bush fires. Bush burning is therefore very rampant during the dry seasons. Community education and fire volunteerism must be intensified to reduce the occurrences of bush fires during the dry seasons. 
The temperature in the Wenchi constituency is generally high averaging about 24.5oC.  Average maximum temperature is 30.9 (oC) and a minimum of 21.2 (oC).  The hottest months are February to April.  The annual maximum, minimum temperatures and changes in mean maximum and minimum temperatures in Wenchi Municipality (1961 – 2000) respectively.
The Wenchi Municipal spans the moist-semi-deciduous forest and the Guinea Savannah woodland vegetation zones.  The Guinea savanna woodland represents an eco-climatic zone, which has evolved in response to climatic and edaphic limiting factors and has been modified substantially by human activities. The original forest vegetation has been subjected to degradation, caused mainly by the indiscriminate bush fires, slash-and burn agriculture, logging and felling of trees for timber and fuel over the years.
The cumulative effect is that secondary vegetation occurs in cultivated areas.  Timber species like Odum, Sapele, Wawa and Mahogany are found in places such as Nwoase. In the semi-derived savanna areas, there is the absence of large economic trees as a result of logging, charcoal burning and mechanised farming.
The groves at Nwoase show that with protection, forests in the Municipality can be very productive because the soils in the sacred groves appear more fertile compared to soils lying a few metres away which have been laid bare by intensive cultivation and other unsustainable uses. 
In the grooves, wildlife like deer and antelope are found.  Other forest reserves are Sawsaw and Yaya.  The combination of the vegetation zones – guinea savannah, transitional zone and the forest permit the cultivation of a variety of crops – cereal, tubers and vegetables and even animal rearing.
The rainfall pattern is characterised by seasonality, which is a limiting factor in agriculture and plant growth.  The district has two main seasons – rainy and dry seasons.
Geologically, the constituency is underlained mostly by the Birrimain rock formation.  The area falls under the Lower Birimanain, which consists of such metamorphosed sediments as phyillite and schist.  There are also granite and granodiorite in the southeast and western parts of the municipality.
A greater portion of the Wenchi constituency falls under the savannah ochrosol with some lithosols.  The land is generally low lying and most of the soils are sandy loam and in the valleys, loamy soils exist. The soils are fairly rich in nutrients and are suitable for the cultivation of crops such as maize, yams, cocoyam, and cassava. There are clay deposits for pottery industry and burnt bricks and the soil supports the cultivation of savannah, transitional and forest crops.
There are several rock deposits and outcrops in the Municipality within the outstretch of land between Wenchi Town and Buoku community.  The rocks are currently being quarried for road and building construction. There are over ten (10) companies in the municipality that are mining these rock deposits with room for several other companies.
The exploitation of these rock deposits holds several benefits including employment creation and expansion of the local construction industry. Measures should however be put in place to control its negative environmental impacts. 

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